WebstaurantStore / Food Service Resources / In-Depth Articles / How to Reduce Food Costs In Your Restaurant
How to Reduce Food Costs In Your Restaurant

How to Reduce Food Costs In Your Restaurant

Last updated on 2/22/2018

According to a study by the Natural Resources Defense Council, 30 to 40% of all food produced in the U.S. is wasted, which ends up costing approximately $165 billion every year. One of the biggest contributors to the food waste problem is the restaurant industry, and all of that waste can hurt your bottom line. By making some small changes in your restaurant, such as taking inventory, changing your food orders, and using your food creatively, you can have a major impact on your profit margin.


How to Control Food Cost

Reducing food costs and waste starts with tracking and monitoring the food coming into your restaurant. Many restaurants order food in bulk shipments, but it can be difficult to use all of that food before it spoils. To reduce spoilage, here are some steps you can take:

Take Inventory Consistently

Checking your inventory on a regular basis can give you an idea of how and at what rate your food is being used or wasted. For example, if you notice that you have salami that is going unused and spoiling, change your food order to a lesser amount to reduce the food waste. Conversely, if you’re running out of mozzarella cheese before your dinner service even starts, you need to increase your food order.

Work with Your Food Suppliers

Once you have an idea of how much food your restaurant uses at a given time, you can work with your suppliers to lower your food costs. If possible, shop around and see what competing suppliers are willing to offer you. If you have a good relationship with your current supplier, ask them for a discount or to match prices with their competitors.

Another option would be to work out a plan where you buy in bulk but have the order sent in several shipments, rather than all at once. Ordering food in bulk can be cost-effective, but it can lead to food spoiling, which negates any money you would have saved by buying in bulk. Having your shipments sent in several installments ensures that you’re always serving fresh food, reduces the amount of food wasted, and saves you money.

Join a Group Purchasing Organization

If you’re not able to work out a deal with your supplier to buy in bulk, consider joining a group purchasing organization. Group purchasing organizations pool the resources of many small restaurants together to get the best quality goods while keeping costs low. The combined capital of many individual restaurants is significant, which gives the organization considerable leverage when bargaining with suppliers, ensuring that you’re getting a good deal.

When purchasing food, there is also the option to cut out the middleman and go straight to the source: local farms and farmers markets. Many times, food that is shipped from across the country is picked before it’s fully ripe and flash frozen, which can have a negative effect on the taste. Buying locally ensures that you’re getting the freshest products possible while also supporting your local economy.

Manage Your Food Orders

When it comes to food orders, the harder you’re willing to work, the more you can save. For example, buying a chicken that is already deboned, skinned, and portioned is going to be more expensive than just buying whole chickens. By taking a little extra time to do the prep work yourself, you can reduce your food costs.

Keep track of the food prices around the world and things that can affect the price of food. For example, a drought in California would affect the avocado harvest, so it probably wouldn’t be the best time to introduce guacamole to your menu. Additionally, utilize seasonal food to keep your menu fresh and save money on produce. Seasonal food depends on your location, so check out your local farmers market to see what’s fresh and to find inspiration for new recipes.

When ordering produce, you should also be aware of the food specifications of your order. In the U.S., food is inspected and sorted into grades depending on its quality, freshness, and appearance. Many times the differences between top grades are purely cosmetic. For example, there is very little difference between No. 1 and No. 2 avocados, so by ordering the No. 2 option, you can lower your food costs without sacrificing taste.


How to Use Your Food Effectively

Once the food is in your pantry or refrigerator it is up to you to use it wisely before it spoils. Here are a few things you can do to prolong the life of your food and get the most money out of your food purchases:

Restaurant Portion Control

Controlling the portions of your food is an excellent way to reduce waste. Monitor how much food is being thrown away. If your customers can’t finish a dish consistently, the portion is too big. Use restaurant portion control tools like portion scales and portion spoons to serve the proper amount of food to your customers.

Use the First In, First Out (FIFO) Method

The first in, first out method is pretty straightforward: use the first ingredients that you put into your pantries and refrigerators first. This forces you to use the oldest food first, ensures that you’re always stocked with fresh ingredients, and helps prevent food from expiring without being used.

Utilize Your Daily Specials

Daily specials can be an effective tool for reducing waste in your kitchen. When you notice food that has been in your pantry for a while, come up with a recipe that features or uses that ingredient, and add it to your daily special list. You can also coordinate with your front-of-house staff to encourage customers to try the daily special, allowing you to clear out your stock while also making a profit.

Keep Your Staff Informed

It is important that your staff knows the price of your food and how their actions can affect your bottom line. During the food prep process, there can be a lot of unnecessary waste. The cost of that waste, while it may seem insignificant at the time, can compound to become a major loss. So if your staff is knowledgeable about how much the food costs and how to utilize it properly, they will be more careful when preparing food and portioning dishes.


Tips on How to Reduce Food Waste

In the cooking process, some by-products and food waste is inevitable, but some chefs are finding creative and innovative ways to incorporate those by-products into their dishes. Here are a few ideas for using leftovers wisely and getting the most out of your food.

  • Save vegetable scraps like onion skins, carrot peels, and mushroom stalks for making homemade vegetable stock.
  • Don't throw away that stale bread. You can use it to make a lot of different things like croutons, breadcrumbs, and bread pudding.
  • Shred up roasted chicken and turkey the following day and use the meat in a soup or stew.
  • Craft breweries and brewpubs can use extra grain from brewing beer to make homemade granola. You can also donate it to local farms as feed for livestock.
  • Use leftovers and older ingredients for making staff meals. The food is still safe to eat, but it might be slightly beyond the standard for what you would serve to customers. This way, you can treat your staff while saving money.
  • If you can't find a use for your leftovers, take them to your local shelter or food bank. Charitable food donations are tax-deductible, allowing you to get rid of excess inventory, save on your taxes, and help your local community, all in one.



Food waste can have a huge impact on the bottom line of your restaurant. But through negotiating with suppliers, buying locally, serving reasonable portion sizes with restaurant portion control tools, and using your ingredients creatively, you can reduce food costs in your restaurant.

Related Resources

Restaurant Composting

Do you want your restaurant to become more environmentally friendly or more involved with the local community? Even if you just want to give your establishment's marketing plan a boost, restaurant composting might be a great solution. According to the EPA, 60-80% of garbage produced by restaurants was food waste. By composting you can reduce your environmental impact by keeping waste out of the landfill, lower your waste hauling and disposal costs, and find a whole new way to connect with the people in your community! What is Composting? Composting is the process of breaking down food scraps and other organic waste like grass clippings and certain paper and cardboard items using heat, moisture, agitation, air-flow and sometimes even earthwo

How to Reduce Overhead Costs in Your Restaurant

Restaurants are costly operations to run, and some of the largest expenses go toward paying overhead. Overhead refers to ongoing expenses that come with running a business, such as rent, utilities, advertising, and salaries. It is important to note though, that overhead only applies to expenses that are not directly related to producing goods, so the cost of ingredients and raw materials do not factor into overhead costs. Many of the expenses that factor into a restaurant's costs are fixed expenditures, but there are some actions you can take to reduce overhead costs. Taking steps like negotiating with suppliers and landlords or buying newer, more efficient appliances can have a big impact on your bottom line. By tracking and looking for co

Restaurant Recycling

It is estimated that just one full service restaurant can create over 2,000 pounds of total disposed waste a week. If this fact is alarming to you, perhaps it’s time to consider how your food establishment can recycle all that waste. While you may think that the steps to becoming an eco-friendly restaurant are time consuming and costly, you’d be surprised at how easy it is and how much money you can save. Follow the recycling program ideas below to get your restaurant headed in a greener direction. What Materials Can Your Restaurant Recycle? Before you begin your restaurant’s recycling program, find out what materials your current waste management provider recycles and how they need to be separated. Once you figure out what can be recycled,

Subscribe now for great deals and industry tips! Sign up for our mailing list to have weekly discounts and industry knowledge sent right to your inbox.

Food Service Resources

Tips, guides, & advice

Explore Resources
  • Visa
  • Discover
  • American Express
  • MasterCard
  • Paypal