Chafing dishes are an essential addition to any foodservice establishment or engagement. They keep hot food hot and ensure food safety. Keep reading to learn more about what chafing dishes are, what they're used for, and all about the different types so you can find the right chafing dish for your catering business, hotel, or banquet hall.
A chafing dish is a multi-part system that keeps hot food hotter, longer, than food stored in a traditional food pan. Chafing dishes come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and styles, and they can be used in many different foodservice settings.
Chafing dish comes from the French word chauffer, which means to make warm. As such, chafing dishes use gentle, indirect heat to keep their contents warm in a large and shallow pan. The heat they use can come from fuel, electricity, or induction heating, and it's used to heat a pan of water to create steam. This steam then heats the pan above that's filled with food.
A chafing dish is used to keep food that is already cooked warm. Typically, these dishes will be arranged in a buffet line and customers will serve themselves directly from the dishes. You can find chafing dishes in many different types of foodservice settings, and they are commonly used at catered events, banquet halls, and hotels. Remember that chafing dishes are only used to keep food warm, and they cannot be used for cooking food. View our catering menu ideas article for some great ideas for how to spruce up your catering menu!
With so many different types and styles of chafing dishes to choose from, it can be difficult to find the right option for your business. We broke down the different chafing dish types and what they're used for to make the process simple. In addition to chafing dishes, make sure you have everything you need to run your catering business by checking out our catering supplies checklist.
Standard chafing dishes come in a variety of sizes and styles, but all serve the same purpose - to keep food hot. They often come with a lid that can either lift off or retract, depending on the model, and they range from economy to high-end in style.
Disposable chafing dishes feature all of the warming capability of standard chafers, but they have the added benefit of being disposable, so you can save time on cleanup by throwing them away after service. These chafing dishes are ideal for outdoor parties or casual events.
Drop-in chafers are permanently installed into countertops or tabletops. They have an upscale presentation, and they're ideal for businesses like hotels that offer continental breakfast or buffets that are looking for a permanent chafing option.
Popular in hotels, buffets, and at catered events, coffee chafer urns are used to hold and dispense hot coffee and water for tea. These chafers are insulated to prevent heat loss, so your coffee or beverages stay hot for longer periods of time.
A marmite chafer, also known as a soup chafer, is commonly used to keep soups, stews, sauces, gravies, hot cereals, and other liquids warm throughout your service.
Chafer griddles are ideal for keeping already cooked food items, such as pancakes, grilled meats, Reubens, and stir fry vegetables hot while being served. This type of chafer is open, so the smells and sounds of sizzling will help entice customers.
Chafing dishes come in a variety of sizes, and some options are designed specifically for serving appetizers, entrees, and desserts. Here are some of the standard chafing dish sizes and their capacities to help you choose which option will meet your needs.
Full-size dishes are typically rectangular, and they can hold between 8 and 9 quarts of food. Due to their size, full-size chafers are commonly used for holding and serving entrees, although you can use two smaller food pans and serve two types of appetizers or desserts on these dishes.
Between full- and half-size chafing dishes, 2/3 size chafing dishes are usually round or square. These types of chafing dishes typically hold between 5 and 6 quarts of food, and they can be used for serving any type of food.
One of the smallest types of chafing dishes, half-size chafing dishes are usually square or rectangular and have 4-5 quart capacities. Half-size chafing dishes are perfect for serving appetizers and side dishes.
There are three ways that you can heat your chafer: with fuel, with electricity, or with induction. Each power type offers unique benefits that are ideal for different situations. We break down the different power types and their benefits below.
Fuel chafers utilize fuel cans to keep the water in your chafer dish heated. There are several types of fuel that you can choose from:
Additionally, different fuel types are made with various ingredients, allowing you even greater control over what type of chafing fuel you use. You can learn more about the various types of chafing fuel in our chafing fuel buying guide.
Electric chafers are great for outdoor events as they are easier to use than chafing fuel in the event of windy or inclement weather. They're also ideal for indoor use when you don't want to deal with the hazards of open flames. Keep in mind that electric chafing dishes do require access to an electrical outlet, so plan accordingly when using them.
Induction chafers are designed for use with induction cookers or warmers to heat the unit rather than utilizing a heated water pan, like other chafing dishes. Induction cooking only heats the chafer and there is no open flame, which eliminates the hazard of burns and fires. An induction chafer also provides best-in-class heat distribution with no hot or cold spots, and they allow you to maintain a specific temperature for longer periods of time than other chafing dishes.
If you own a fuel-powered chafer but want to convert it to an electric chafer, you can use a universal electric chafer heater. Additionally, you can choose a full-size electric chafer warmer pan to replace your water pan and serve as a free-standing warming unit.
You can find chafers in several shapes, and the different shapes are used for serving different types of foods. Here are some of the common chafing dish shapes.
One of the most standard dish shapes, rectangular chafing dishes are commonly used for entrees. You can use these types of chafers in any type of establishment, such as hotels or banquet halls.
Another popular chafing dish shape, a round chafer is commonly used for side dishes, sauces, and desserts. A variety of this type is the half-round chafer, which is typically used for appetizers and side dishes.
Oval chafers are used for serving entrees, but they have a sleek and contemporary look. As a result, they are an excellent option for establishments that want a modern alternative to rectangular chafers.
Square chafers are the least common type, but they have a modern design that is complementary to contemporary aesthetics. This type is commonly used for serving appetizers and sides.
Chafer covers are important for keeping your food hot and moist, but it's important to keep the crowd in mind when choosing covers. Hinged, lift-off, and roll-top lids are the most popular styles, but there are several other appealing options.
Lift off and dome covers lift off the chafer completely, and they feature a handle on top of the lid. Most types of chafers with lift-off and dome covers have a cover holder, where customers and employees can place the cover.
This type of lid is ideal for buffets because customers do not need to hold the lid or even remove it. Roll-top covers generally have front handles for easy use. For two side service, choose a model that can retract on both sides. Many retractable covers have a 90-degree and 180-degree opening for versatility. Many options also feature slide locks to keep the cover in place. Keep in mind that that roll tops that don't flip down 180 degrees are only ideal for one-sided service.
Hinged covers give you the look of a lift-off unit without the hassle of having to remove the lid. Many models offer a stay-open feature at 45 and 90-degree angles. Some options even double as lift-off lids for added versatility. There are also hinged covers with slow closing hinges, which close gently and quietly, which helps preserve the atmosphere of your dining area and causes less wear and tear on the unit.
Glass top lids feature clear windows that allow customers to view the contents without opening the lid. This helps prevents heat loss from customers opening and closing the cover regularly to see what's inside.
Regardless of the cover type you prefer, look for lids with coated handles for server safety and convenience. Covered handles are often constructed or coated with nylon to stay cool to the touch. They also provide an easy grip.
From attractive mirror finishes to subdued matte options, there are many different styles of chafers that you can choose from. Here are some popular finishes and trim styles that you can find.
These chafing dishes have a shiny, reflective appearance. The finish provides a superior shine for an attractive display at any event. Although, mirror polish finishes can attract fingerprints easily, so be sure to regularly clean your chafers with a microfiber cloth. Due to their opulent finish, mirror polish chafing dishes are commonly used in fine dining settings, hotels, and at catered events.
A satin finish is smooth to the touch and not reflective. It provides an upscale appearance without the shine. These options are ideal for operators that want a visually appealing design without the hassle of constantly polishing and cleaning off fingerprints.
A matte finish features a surface that isn't particularly shiny or reflective. If you're looking for affordable and accessible chafing options for your buffet or hotel, these are the perfect options. The matte surface doesn't distract customers and it makes your food the focal point of your buffet line.
This finish has a dimpled texture, with the appearance of hand-hammered copper. It provides an elegant and contemporary display that is perfect for modern weddings, receptions, anniversaries, and other catered events.
Chafing dishes also come in several trim styles, which add a pop of color and visual appeal to your buffet line. When choosing a trim style, keep in mind your establishment's existing decor and choose the type that best suits your concept. Here are a few common types of chafer trim styles.
Brass trim adds a subtle yet sophisticated appeal to your chafer. The brass isn't as bright as gold or copper, but the dark yellow accents complement the sleek look of the silver chafing dish.
Gold trim gives your chafing dish a sophisticated and elegant appeal. The gold color stands out against the chafer's silver body to create a striking presentation.
Highly polished chrome trim gives chafers a contemporary look. These options are perfect for buffets, hotels, and catering companies that are looking for chafers with a modern look.
Because chafers are display items, it's important to protect them and keep them looking sleek and clean. Here are a few tips for storing, transporting, and cleaning your chafing dishes to keep them in peak condition.
Protect your chafing units from bumps and dings during transport with chafing boxes. Chafing boxes are made from impact-resistant plastic, and they keep your chafing dishes safe from scratches, dings, and scuffs. Many of these boxes also feature sturdy handles so they're easy to lift and handle. Best of all, chafing boxes are stackable for convenient storage and transportation.
To keep an upscale appearance, make sure to regularly clean and polish the exterior of your chafers. Microfiber cloths are gentle and won't scratch the surface of the chafer, and they'll leave your chafer looking shiny and new. Additionally, you can learn more about polishing and caring for your chafing dish in our stainless steel care guide.
If you're looking to create a more modern, upscale presentation for your buffet line or food station, chafer alternatives are becoming an increasingly popular way to enhance the visual interest of your food presentation. Many include features like fuel cell rails to securely hold chafing dish fuel, a durable wire metal grill, and built-in wind guards for outdoor events.