One of the most basic, but important hand tools for any commercial kitchen is the knife. With so many different types of knives, it can sometimes be difficult to decide which is the best kitchen knife. A quality knife that's matched to the task at hand can increase productivity in your kitchen and provide better results. We offer a great selection of commercial kitchen cutlery to match any task and budget!
|Bolster||The bolster is only found on forged knives. It is a thick band of steel between the heel and the handle that helps balance the knife and prevents the user's hand from slipping across the blade.|
|Butt||The butt is the end of the knife handle.|
|Edge||The edge is the sharpened part of the knife blade that extends from the heel to the tip. Maintaining a sharp edge is crucial for user safety and maximum effectiveness.|
|Handle||Also known as the scales, the handle provides the knife's gripping surface.|
|Heel||The heel is the rear portion of the blade and is most often used to cut thick or tough products where more force is required.|
|Point||This functions as the piercing tool of the blade.|
|Spine||The spine is the top of the blade opposite the edge.|
|Tang||The tang is the part of the blade that extends into the handle and helps provide balance. Full tang blades are considered superior in balance and durability. A sub tang or half tang is less durable but more economic.|
|Tip||The tip is the front quarter of the blade that does most of the cutting and separating. Pointed tips are ideal for piercing and cutting small portions. Rounded tips are ideal for cutting or slicing thin portions.|
Every piece of commercial cutlery is constructed using one of two methods, forging or stamping.
Forged blade knives are formed when heated bar steel is roughly shaped under a drop hammer, which compresses the steel under immense pressure. After the basic knife shape is formed, the blade goes through a grinding and honing process to form its final shape and edge.
Stamped blade knives are formed when a hydraulic press, or die, cuts the desired blade shape out of a flat sheet of steel, like a cookie cutter. Next, the blade blanks are sharpened through a multi-step grinding and honing process.
There are numerous types of stainless steel, but some of the most common for commercial kitchen knives are VG-10, 420HC, and 440C stainless steel.
VG-10 and San Mai steel are high-carbon stainless steels that feature superior edge-retention, incredible edge sharpness, strength, and durability. VG-10 and San Mai steel are very popular in commercial kitchen knives, especially Asian or Japanese knives. The process for creating San Mai steel involves layering laminated hard carbon together to create a steel which meets high-quality standards for its durability, sharpness, and stain-resistance. Best of all, San Mai is about half the weight of German steel. Because of these factors, VG-10 and San Mai are favored by many chefs.
High-carbon stainless steel that is commonly known as German steel is usually made of a variant of 420 or 440C stainless steel. Both of these steels are sharp, durable, and excellent at resisting stains and corrosion, making them prevalent in many western knives, especially forged knives. One of the biggest differences is that 440C stainless steel is stronger than 420, making it slightly better at holding an edge.
Other variants of 420 stainless steel include 420HC and 420J2 stainless steel. These steels are similar to 440C and have a higher carbon content for a stronger more durable blade.
Commercial cutlery is available with a variety of knife handle types and constructions.
Wood handled cutlery used to be very common, but has fallen out of favor with health inspectors due to food safety concerns. While very attractive and comfortable to use, wood handled knives are not as durable and can trap bacteria.
Pakkawoodis a wood/plastic composite material that provides the look and feel of real wood, but comes with more advantages than traditional wood. Though still not dishwasher safe, they are moisture resistant and don't warp or split.
Stainless steel handles are virtually maintenance-free. They are extremely durable and easy to clean. A very large or heavy knife with a stainless steel blade will likely be better balanced than a similarly sized wood or plastic handled knife. However, stainless steel handles do not provide a very good "grip" and can become slippery when wet.
Plastic handles are now the most popular type of handle. They are often very easy to clean and hold up well, but can occasionally crack over time or when exposed to extreme temperature changes. Several types of plastic handled knives are available on our site:
Santoprene handles are a blend of synthetic rubber and polypropylene. This provides added slip resistance while increasing the durability of the knife. Mercer offers three collections of knives that feature a Santoprene handle (Millennia, Millennia Primary 4, and Genesis).
There are four common types of blade edges available on commercial cutlery.
Sometimes called flat ground, a straight edge is the most common, and is formed by grinding the blade in a straight line so it tapers to form a razor sharp edge.
Granton edge knives feature hollowed out sections running along both sides of the blade. When slicing meat, the grooves create a small air space between the product being cut and the knife to ease slicing. Granton edge knives are often preferred when slicing thin portions of poultry, roasts, or ham.
Serrated edge knives may also be referred to as wavy or scalloped edge. Serrated edge knives feature teeth along the blade edge, which easily penetrate the tough outer crust or skin of the product being cut while protecting the soft inner part from tearing. Serrated edge knives are ideal for cutting bread and fruit.
Hollow ground edges are created by grinding from just below the midpoint of the blade to form concave sides that come to a very thin cutting edge. Since this edge is so thin, it is more brittle and easily dulled. Hollow ground edges are not preferable for heavy cutting tasks, but are ideal for fine cutting such as skinning, preparing sushi, or peeling and slicing fruits.
The following descriptions should serve as a basic guide for some of the most common types of knives.
Though there are many meat cutting knives, a meat carving knife is used to slice thin cuts of meat, including poultry, roasts, hams, and other large cooked meats. Carving knives are much thinner than a chef's knives, enabling them to carve thinner, more precise slices. Additionally, the pointed tip is perfect for cutting along a board, and it can be utilized in more ways than rounded blades.
Boning knives, another type of meat knife, are available with flexible, semi-fleixble (semi-stiff), or stiff blades ranging from 3" to 8" in length and are used to separate meat from bone. Flexible blades are great for shaping, denuding, and seaming and are typically used by experienced butchers for boning roasts, whole hams, lamb legs, veal legs, and filleting fish. Semi-flexible or semi-stiff blades allow for enough bend to keep the edge close to the bone or table and are great for jointing. Stiff blades are perfect for making precise, straight cuts without fear of wandering and are also great for jointing.
Bread knives are available in a variety of sizes from 7" to 10". Some feature an offset handle design to prevent the users' knuckles from hitting the cutting board. Bread knives may have a straight or slightly curved blade with a serrated edge that's ideal for bread and hard rind fruits.
Butcher knives usually have heavy, wide, and slightly curved blades that are useful for cutting, sectioning, and trimming large pieces of meat.
Breaking knives are similar to butcher knives and are primarily used to break down large pieces of meat into smaller cuts. Their blades are usually around 10” and are curved to create leverage to break through tough skin, cartilage, and small bones. They are also excellent knives for trimming fat off of meat.
A chef's knife, or "cook's knife" is one of the most commonly used knives in a commercial kitchen. Available in sizes ranging from 6" to 14" (8" to 12" is most popular), the chef's knife features a wide blade with symmetrical sides that taper to a point. It is suitable for a wide range of tasks such as chopping, slicing, and mincing.
A cimeter (or scimitar) knife is a cousin of the classic butcher knife. Its upward curving blade makes it well suited for cutting and trimming steaks.
A cleaver features a long, wide blade that is used to chop and cut through thick meat and bone. Cleavers are also ideal for opening lobsters.
Often used as a light to medium duty cleaver, the Deba knife is ideal for cutting fish, meat, and hard vegetables, as well as for chopping.
Flank and shoulder knives are a type of boning knife that are excellent for creating flank steaks. Their straight, stiff blades are perfect for generating precise cuts while boning, trimming, and jointing.
Similar to a chef's knife, the Gyuto knife is a multi-purpose blade. However, there are several key differences between a Gyuto knife and western-style chef knife: A Gyuto knife is lighter and thinner than a western-style chef knife and also has a much flatter edge. This allows the knife to have faster push-cutting abilities and makes it easier to handle.
Nakiri knives enable you to cut vegetables paper-thin in just seconds! Its razor sharp taper edges are best for seedless vegetables.
Oyster Knives are used to shuck the oysters. These knives can be used for opening the oyster as well as removing the oyster from the shell. There are several common styles of oyster knives:
New Haven: The New Haven oyster knife features a comfortable, pear-shaped handle and a short wide blade with a curved tip. It is ideal for use on small to medium sized oysters for half shell consumption. The unique, curved tip offers two major advantages:
Providence: Features a shorter, wide, straight blade. This serves the same function as the New Haven style, but does not have a curved tip. Thanks to its blade’s edge, the style is great for shucking any sized oyster from its shell, though is ideal for removing medium oysters. Plus, the contoured handle features an easy-to-hold design, as the end is thicker than the front.
Boston: The Boston style oyster knife features a long, narrow blade and is extremely versatile and very effective at opening just about any type or size of oyster with a variety of shucking methods. Narrowing to a rounded, flat tip, the blade is moderately sharp, but perfectly effective.
It features a comfortable handle shaped like a pear with a narrow front and a wide, round backend. Topped-off with a small, front bulge, the handle promotes a secure, stable grip while also providing a convenient resting surface for the hand’s palm.
Galveston: With its long, wide blade that narrows to a point, the Galveston style oyster knife is excellent for commercial use. This style is often used in processing medium and large Eastern oysters for meat gain and features the Boston handle for optimal comfort and maneuverability.
Frenchman: The Frenchman features a short, wide blade that utilizes a sharp edge that is perfect for finding the crease between oyster shells.
Paring knives rate second in versatility after a chef's knife in a commercial kitchen. There are several common styles:
Spear point paring knives are great for removing corn from the cob, breaking up heads of lettuce, peeling fruits and vegetables, cutting beans, and other similar tasks.
Bird's beak or curved paring knives, also referred to as tourne knives, feature a downward arching blade that makes peeling round fruit and garnishing a breeze.
Sheep's foot paring knives feature a rounded tip with a straight edge. These knives are perfect for chopping and julienning fruits and vegetables on a cutting board.
Comparable to a utility knife, the petty knife's thin, light construction allows for ultimate precision while dicing, slicing, or cutting small items, particularly softer fruits and vegetables.
A Santoku knife is an all purpose knife best suited for slicing, dicing, and mincing. This knife can be used for the same functions as a chef knife.
Equivalent to a western slicer, the Sashimi knife is perfect for everyday slicing and for cutting large pieces of fish.
The meat slicing knife features a long, straight blade that's designed for slicing cooked meats, sushi, and sashimi, as well as, breaking down large fish. Slicers are generally longer than a carving knife and often feature a Granton Edge and a round blunt tip. Ham slicers feature a narrower, more flexible blade that makes cutting cold meat more efficient. A slicer should be long enough to permit smooth slicing action.
This knife is designed to quickly slice produce paper-thin, especially vegetables without hard seeds. Try a produce knife for similar peeling and cutting tasks.
Utility knives often have a scalloped edge, and can be considered a cross between a paring knife and a slicing knife. A sharp utility knife is very efficient for slicing softer fruits and vegetables, such as tomatoes or squash. Utility knives are also great for cutting large melon rings, cutting heads of lettuce into wedges, preparing cabbage for shredding, and halving citrus fruits.
Dull knives are the single most common cause of commercial kitchen injuries. Because properly sharpened knives cut more easily than dull ones, workers can complete their tasks more quickly. Additionally, the product being cut can be returned to temperature-controlled storage more quickly for increased food safety!
Here are some quick tips for maintaining cutlery:
Although commercial sharpening services are available, with some basic sharpening knowledge and help from our "how-to" sharpening article, you can save a lot of money by sharpening your own knives!
|Hiring a Knife Sharpening Service|
|Purchasing an Electric Knife Sharpener|
|Savings in First Year|
Knife bags provide a convenient way for storing and transporting your knives. While primarily used for knives, our knife cases and knife rolls can be used for other essential kitchen tools like turners, spoons, whisks, and more. Many of our cases and rolls also feature additional pockets and holders for business cards, pens, IDs, and other various items. There are few differences between the styles, so choosing between the two comes down to general preference and which bag can accommodate all of your knives and tools.
Knife Cases – feature a hard lining that holds its shape when the case is folded or closed. This lining can be water-resistant which can be great for added protection.
Knife Rolls – do not have a lining under the canvas exterior. When rolled up, they take the shape of whatever knives or tools are inside, meaning a knife roll can take up less space than a case.