How To Season and Clean a WokLast updated on 2/10/2019
After choosing the type of wok that works best for you, it's time to determine if your pan needs to be seasoned. Woks that are made of porous metals like cast iron and carbon steel must be seasoned before cooking to prevent rust. This article will provide you with detailed instructions for cleaning, seasoning, and caring for your new cookware.
Cleaning Your Wok for the First Time
When you purchase a wok, it's important to clean it before you do anything else. Manufacturers apply factory oil to new woks to protect them from humidity during shipping. This prevents rust and ensures the wok arrives in pristine condition.
To prepare your wok for seasoning, you need to give it a good scrub with a sponge and soap to remove all the factory oil and any dust that collected in the pan during shipping. This will be the only time you need to use soap and an abrasive sponge to clean your pan. Follow the steps below to remove all residue:
- Fill sink with hot, soapy water.
- Scrub the inside and outside of wok with a scouring pad.
- Rinse the wok completely.
- Dry wok with a clean, dry towel.
- Place on stovetop over medium-high heat to completely dry the wok and evaporate any leftover water.
Now that you’ve removed all the manufacturer's oil and have exposed the bare metal, it’s time to pick your seasoning oil or other form of lard.
Choose a Seasoning Oil
The best oils to use with a wok have a high smoking point, which means they can be used at high temperatures without burning. They should also be refined and impart a neutral flavor. Avoid unrefined oils with low smoking points like olive oil and sesame oil. Choose one of these oils for seasoning your wok instead:
- Peanut oil
- Canola oil
- Grape seed oil
- Sunflower oil
- Lard or pork fat
How to Season a Wok
Every chef has his or her own favorite method for seasoning their pans. We'll explore three of the most popular methods, stovetop seasoning, oven seasoning, and salt seasoning. Regardless of the method you use to season your wok, the first step is always to wash the wok so the bare metal is exposed.
Stovetop Seasoning Method
The stovetop method is a popular way to season your wok. You'll need a range top burner, the oil of choice, and a wok turner or spatula. Keeping a pair of tongs and a clean towel nearby is also helpful.
- Complete initial washing to remove factory oil.
- Preheat the wok over high heat. The pan will get very hot so make sure the space around your burner is clear.
- Perform a water test by throwing a drop of water on the pan. If it’s heated enough, it’ll evaporate within a second, and it’s ready to be seasoned.
- Add in about 2 tablespoons of oil and reduce heat to medium-high.
- Add aromatics like chopped onions, ginger, and garlic to the pan. This helps to keep the wok from smoking.
- Reduce heat to medium.
- Spread the mixture and cover the entire surface of your wok from rim to bottom. Continue doing this for about 20 minutes over medium heat.
- If you notice ingredients are becoming too dry or are starting to burn, add in more oil, a little at a time.
- Dump mixture out, and let the wok cool down.
- Rinse with hot water, and use a bamboo wok brush, sponge, or the soft side of a scrubber to remove any excess food particles.
- Place wok back on stovetop over high heat to completely dry and evaporate all water.
- Either store the wok until you’re ready to use it, or repeat this process up to 3 times for a better, thicker seasoning.
Oven Seasoning Method
This method is recommended for woks with oven safe handles.
- Complete the initial washing to remove factory oil.
- Preheat the oven to 450 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Line a sheet pan with aluminum foil.
- Use a paper towel to coat the entire wok with lard or oil, including the outside of the pan.
- Place the lined sheet pan on the bottom rack of your oven.
- Place the oiled wok on the top rack.
- Bake for 20 minutes and remove the pan from oven.
- Rinse the wok with warm water and a soft sponge.
- Dry it completely on the stovetop over high heat.
Salt Seasoning Method
This method uses kosher salt to develop a dark patina on your wok. It can also be used to refresh or re-season a pan that hasn't been used in a long time.
- Complete the initial washing to remove factory oil.
- Pour 1 cup of kosher salt into wok.
- Place wok, filled with salt, on gas stovetop over high heat.
- Stir salt constantly for 20 minutes, pushing the salt up and around the sides of the wok.
- After 20 minutes, remove wok from heat and dump the heated salt into the sink (letting it cool before you discard it).
- Wipe the wok clean with an oil-covered rag or paper towel, spreading a thin layer of oil onto the wok’s surface.
How to Clean a Wok
Always refer to the care instructions that came with your wok. Typically, aluminum, stainless steel, or copper woks can be placed in the dishwasher. Cast iron or carbon steel woks require special care so that the seasoning isn't removed during cleaning. To clean your wok, follow these easy steps:
- Rinse wok in warm or hot water.
- If you need to sanitize it for specific regulations, you can briefly submerge it in pure boiling water, free of soap and chemicals.
- If food particles need to be removed, gently scrub with a sponge or wok brush.
- Do not use abrasive scouring pads, soaps, sanitizers, or warewashing chemicals as they will remove the seasoned surface you just created.
- Rinse off any loosened debris.
- Dry completely with a towel.
- Place wok over medium-high heat to finish drying and evaporating any remaining water.
- If you’re planning to store your wok without using it for over a week, we suggest applying an additional thin layer of oil or lard to further preserve the wok’s patina.
Why Does a Wok Need to be Seasoned?
Seasoning your cast iron or carbon steel wok creates a patina, or a protective coating inside of the pan. Every time you cook with oil, the patina becomes thicker and heavier and creates a natural, non-stick cooking surface. This layer prevents rust and corrosion, improves non-stick properties, and enhances the flavor of your dishes.
Tips for Preserving Your Wok's Seasoning
- Don’t steam, boil, or poach products in your new wok
- Avoid cooking with acidic products in a newly seasoned wok, including tomatoes, vinegar, and lemon
- Don’t use abrasive pads or any warewashing chemicals, including soaps and sanitizers
- Cook, saute, and fry often to continuously build a patina
- Invest in a bamboo wok brush, wok ladle, and wok spatula
Every time you use your wok, the patina will become more developed and the pan's performance will improve. Its non-stick properties will increase and food will release quickly and easily from the pan. Cleaning will become easier too, as food particles are less likely to stick. With the proper care, your wok will last you for many years to come.
Additionally, if you're looking for a visual guide on how to clean and season a wok, check out our video below.