Stock vs Broth: What's the Difference?
If you work in a busy kitchen, you know how essential broth and stock are for a variety of dishes on a restaurant or catering menu. Many believe the two are interchangeable, but are broth and stock the same thing? Read on to explore their differences and learn when to use stock vs broth.
What Is the Difference Between Stock and Broth?
Stock is made by simmering bones in water and is used to provide rounder and thicker mouthfeel, while broth is made by simmering meat and is used to provide flavor. The main factors that separate stock from broth are the ingredients, seasonings, and cook time. Although many chefs cook with broth and stock similarly, they do lead to slightly different results and perform best when used appropriately.
Ultimately, the difference between chicken stock and chicken broth is that stock is made with chicken bones while broth is made with chicken meat.
Are Stock and Broth Interchangeable?
Stock and broth can be used in various of the same dishes, however, they may impact your end result differently. Stock will add thickness to your dish while broth will add more seasoning and liquid. You may water down and season a stock to achieve a broth-like consistency. To thicken a broth, you can add flour or cornstarch to achieve a stock-like consistency, but the additional seasoning will be present so be sure to counterbalance that by reducing the seasoning in your recipe.
What Is Stock?
Stock is a liquid flavoring base that is commonly made from chicken or beef bones, however, pork or fish bones may be used as well. A prolonged simmering of the bones allows for the collagen and marrow to be released, which creates a thicker and slightly gelatinous texture while providing a fuller and richer mouthfeel. Stocks are left unseasoned to allow the chef control over the flavors in their dishes.
How to Make Stock
Stock is made with a combination of animal bones, mirepoix (onions, carrots, and celery), and aromatics like peppercorns, bay leaves, and parsley stems. This combination of ingredients is then brought to a simmer and allowed to cook for 4 to 8 hours depending on the desired consistency. The longer the cook time, the thicker the stock becomes.
For a more flavorful and browner stock:
- Leave some meat on the bones
- Add red wine or tomato paste to the bones before simmering
- Roast the bones before simmering
How to Use Stock
Stock is best used as a neutral base for a recipe in order to enhance the natural flavors and juices of meats while thickening the consistency of the meal. It is often added in a recipe to be used in the place of cream or butter and is not consumed on its own.
Here are some common dishes where you may use stock:
- Braised Meats
- Cooked Legumes
- Creamy Soups
What Is Broth?
Broth is a culinary enhancer that provides flavor in a liquid form, made by simmering meat in water. It is well seasoned and maintains a relatively thin and liquid consistency. It is significantly thinner and more flavorful than stock. Being a meat-based liquid, broth is typically made from beef, chicken, or fish; however, it is not uncommon to find vegetable broth.
How to Make Broth
To make broth, simmer meat, mirepoix, and aromatics in water for approximately 45 minutes to 2 hours. To avoid overcooking and drying out the meat, any meat pieces should be removed from the water after an hour or less. The meat can be added back in at the end of the broth’s cook time or used in another recipe. At the end of the cook time, the broth should be strained and well seasoned.
How to Use Broth
Because of its thin consistency and flavor, broth can be used for a variety of culinary reasons. It can be sipped on its own and is often used as a remedy for illnesses such as the flu or common cold. Chefs will also use broth in the place of water to enhance the flavor of their dishes, such as using broth to boil pasta and steam vegetables.
Here are some common dishes where you may use broth:
- Mashed Potatoes
- Stir Fry
What Is Bone Broth?
Bone broth is a hearty and flavorful culinary liquid that is used in recipes for its potential health benefits. These benefits include providing the body with vitamins and minerals, supporting joint health, improving digestive health, and reducing inflammation. Bone broth is not quite a stock or a broth, but rather a combination of the two.
How to Make Bone Broth
Bone broth is made similarly to stock by roasting bones for bone broth and simmering them with some meat in water. The best bones for bone broth would include a variety of beef bones and chicken bones. Unlike stock, the cook time of bone broth is approximately 24 hours or more.
You may also add salt, pepper, garlic powder, apple cider vinegar, and bay leaves to the simmering water to boost the flavor.
The purpose of the extended cook time is to extract nutritious compounds and minerals such as amino acids, calcium, electrolytes, and glucosamine along with the collagen and marrow.
How to Use Bone Broth
Once cooked, it is strained and seasoned like a broth with the intention of being served on its own.
Here are some other common dishes where you may use bone broth:
It may be confusing to recall which enhancer you need when you are shopping in the supermarket. If you’re in doubt about broth vs stock, choosing a low sodium option of either stock or broth can help you control the flavor of your dish and allow you to adjust the recipe to your liking.