A grease trap is designed to prevent greasy substances from entering plumbing systems, septic tanks, and waste water treatment facilities where they are difficult to process and may create a number of environmental problems.
Design & Operation
A restaurant grease trap is often specified for a pot washing sink or commercial dishwasher. A flow restrictor on the inlet side of the trap slows incoming effluent material and redirects it through baffling inside the trap. This slowing and baffling process allows lighter-than-water substances (grease) to accumulate inside the trap above the static water line.
Local plumbing codes typically determine design and installation criteria, but they typically follow the guidelines set forth by the Plumbing & Drainage Institute (PDI).
How to Size*
Commercial grease traps are sized according to the rate of incoming flow, in gallons per minute (GPM). Associated with this incoming flow rate is the trap's capacity. This rated capacity, in pounds, is listed at twice the flow rate. For example, a 10 GPM trap has a rated capacity of 20 pounds.
*All calculations, formulas, and charts used to determine grease trap sizing and capacities are widely accepted by most plumbers and regulatory agencies. Always check with your local authority and plumber for specific regulations and recommendations.
For Pot Washing SinksThe Plumbing and Drainage Institute (PDI) recommends that you round up to the next available size when determining the correct grease trap for your application.
For Pot Washing SinksDetermine the flow rate of your sink:
- Calculate the capacity of the sink in cubic inches (measurements of one compartment), and multiply that total by the number of compartments:
- Convert the capacity from Total cubic inches to gallons per minute (GPM):
- Adjust for displacement (displacement takes into consideration the actual useable capacity of your sink):
* The resulting GPM is the required flow rate to drain the sink in one minute. You would then choose a grease trap with a GPM flow rate close to this number.
If Draining Multiple Sinks Into One Grease Trap
- Determine the flow rate for each sink to be serviced by the grease trap using the same calculations as a single sink.
- Add together 100% of the largest flow rate, 50% of the second largest, and 25% of all others.
- The result is the recommended flow rate (in GPM) of the grease trap.
Calculating Grease Trap Requirements For Dish MachinesThe Plumbing & Drainage Institute (PDI) recommends that all dish machines have their own grease trap. Here are some recommendations:
- 10-15 Gallon Capacity Dish Machine Tank: 15 Pound Grease Trap
- 20-30 Gallon Capacity Dish Machine Tank: 20 Pound Grease Trap
- 30-50 Gallon Capacity Dish Machine Tank: 25 Pound Grease Trap
- 50-70 Gallon Capacity Dish Machine Tank: 35 Pound Grease Trap
- 70-100 Gallon Capacity Dish Machine Tank: 100 Pound Grease Trap